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Traumatic Brain Injury. TBI results from damage to brain tissue caused by an external force. Leading causes of TBI are motor vehicle accidents, acts of violence, falls, sports and recreational injuries, lightening strikes, electric shocks, and blows to the head. TBI can occur without any outward physical evidence of injury or trauma. Memory mood and fatigue are common complaints of brain injury patients. Intellectual dullness and mental rigidity are obvious signs of brain injury. Personality changes are common, and rapid mood swings alternate with waxing and waning energy levels. Taken individually, such impairments might not amount to much. However, such impairments usually appear in groups or clusters. In many cases the impairments are widespread and disrupt many brain systems. Learn more here.

Telecommunication Device for the Deaf. A TDD, sometimes known as TTY for Teletypewriter or TT for Text Telephone, is a device used by people with hearing and speech impairments who cannot use a standard telephone. Learn more here.

Title II
(see: SSDI)

Title V
Title V of the Social Security Act is administered by HRSA, Public Health Service, DHHS. The purpose of Title V is to improve the health of all mothers and children consistent with the applicable health status goals and national health objectives established by the Secretary under the Public Health Service Act. Activities carried out under Title V are funded through the Title V Block Grant. Learn more here.

Title V Block Grant
(or: the MCH Block Grant) The mission of the Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Block Grant Program, as authorized under Title V of the Social Security Act, is to improve the health of all mothers, children, and their families. Created as a partnership with State MCH programs and with broad State discretion, State Title V programs use appropriated formula grant funds for: capacity and systems building, public information and education, knowledge development, outreach and program linkage, technical assistance, provider training, evaluation, support for newborn screening, and genetic services, lead poisoning and injury prevention, additional support services for children with special health care needs, and promotion of health and safety in child care settings. Section 502 of the Social Security Act states that of the amounts appropriated, up to $600,000,000, 85% is for allocation to the States, and 15 % is for Special Projects of Regional and National Significance (SPRANS) activities. Any amount appropriated in excess of $600,000,000 is distributed as follows: 12.75% is for Community Integrated Service Systems (CISS) activities; of the remaining amount, 85% is for allocation to the States, and 15% is for SPRANS activities. Learn more here.

Title XVI
(see: SSI)

(see: TDD)