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Self Advocates Becoming Empowered.  On August 2, 1991, over 800 self-advocates from across the United States and Canada voted to start a national self-advocacy organization.  SABE members believe: a)people with disabilities should be treated as equals; b)people should be given the same decisions, choices, rights, responsibilities, and chances to speak up and empower themselves; c) people should be able to make new friendships and renew old friendships just like everyone else; and d) people should be able to learn from their mistakes like everyone else.  www.sabeusa.org.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.  SAMHSA works to improve the quality and availability of substance abuse prevention, addiction treatment and mental health services.  SAMHSA provides funding through block grants to states to support substance abuse and mental health services, including treatment for more than 650,000 Americans with serious substance abuse problems or mental health problems.  It helps improve substance abuse prevention and treatment services through the identification and dissemination of best practices and monitors the prevalence and incidence of substance abuse.  Established: 1992.  SAMHSA is a public health agency of DHHS.  www.samhsa.gov.

Spina Bifida Association.  SBAA: Spina Bifida Association of America.  The SBA serves the 70,000 adults and children who live with spina bifida, the most common permanently disabling birth defect.  Since 1973, SBAA has served as the nation's only voluntary health agency dedicated to enhancing the lives of those with spina bifida and those whose lives they touch.  The mission of SBA is to promote the prevention of spina bifida and to enhance the lives of all affected.  www.sbaa.org.

Section 503/504
Sections of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Section 503 prohibits federal contractors and subcontractors from discriminating against and requires affirmative action for qualified individuals with disabilities in all aspects of employment. Section 504 prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance and in federally conducted programs. Learn more here.

State and Local Integrated Telephone Survey.  SLAITS collects important health care data at State and local levels.  This data collection mechanism was developed by the NCHS of the CDC.  It supplements current national data collection strategies by providing in-depth State and local area data to meet various program and policy needs in an ever-changing health care system.  A partial list of examples of research areas include health insurance coverage, access to care, perceived health status, utilization of services, and measurement of child well-being. Learn more here.

Special Projects of Regional and National Significance.  SPRANS funds support projects (through grants, contracts, and other mechanisms) in  research, training, genetic services and newborn screening and follow-up, hemophilia, and maternal and child health improvement.  SPRANS projects must support national needs and priorities or emerging issues, have regional or national significance and demonstrate ways to improve State systems of care for mothers and children.  15% of the Title V Block Grant is allocated for SPRANS activities. Learn more here.

Social Security Administration.  The Social Security Administration was created in 1935 when President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law.  SSA pays retirement, disability and survivors benefits to workers and their families and administers the Supplemental Security Income program, as well as issues Social Security numbers.  The mission of SSA is to advance the economic security of the nation's people through compassionate and vigilant leadership in shaping and managing America's Social Security programs.  www.ssa.gov.

Social Security Disability Insurance.  (or: Title II)  SSDI is one of the largest of several Federal programs that provides assistance to people with disabilities.  SSDI that pays benefits to an individual and certain members of his/her family if they are "insured", meaning the individual has worked long enough and paid Social Security taxes.  Only individuals who have a disability and meet medical criteria may qualify for benefits.  SSDI is administered by SSA.  http://www.ssa.gov/disability/.

Supplemental Security Income.  (or: Title XVI)  SSI is a Federal income supplement program funded by general tax revenues.  It is designed to help aged, blind, and disabled people, who have little or no income; and it provides cash to meet basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter.  Only individuals who have a disability and meet medical criteria may qualify for benefits.  SSI is administered by SSA.  http://www.ssa.gov/disability/.