AUCD has five Councils, each focusing on a different key area of AUCD's mission. The Councils identify and discuss issues related to their focus area, in alignment with Board priorities, in order to serve as a representative voice of network concerns, ideas, and visions. The Councils' work informs and engages network members in AUCD initiatives.

These Councils are long-standing bodies, established in AUCD's bylaws. Council Chairs also serve on AUCD's Board of Directors. Membership in the Councils is open to anyone affiliated with a network center.

All Councils collaborate on the Council-Trainee Representative Program, providing a leadership pathway for network Trainees and Fellows to engage with Council activities and learn their governance structure.