Children's Health Insurance Program


What is CHIP?

The Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) was created in 1997 to give health insurance and preventive care to nearly 11 million, or 1 in 7, uninsured American children. Many of these children came from uninsured working families that earned too much to be eligible for Medicaid. All 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the territories have CHIP plans. CHIP is administered by states, according to federal requirements. The program is funded jointly by states and the federal government.


History of CHIP Legislation

Balanced Budget Act of 1997

  • Enacted Title XXI of the Social Security Act in July 31, 1997

Children Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009

  • extended CHIP through 2013

Affordable Care Act (ACA)

  • extended CHIP an additional two years through 2015

Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018

  • Reauthorized CHIP through 2027